The Japanese government has set itself the goal of supporting stronger social engagement of women. It hopes to stimulate the economic power and the political strength of Japan. At the same time, there is a high level of engagement of women in civil society, both in traditional “women’s” areas such as education or health and nutrition, as well as in new fields such as local politics or the environment. Through gender equality and the recognition of diversity in society, the process of participation and democratization is being driven; this contributes to increasing the overall potential for modernization of Japanese society. These de-velopments are to be presented and discussed at a symposium in an international comparison with Germany and South Korea. Topics for discussion include how and whether we can strengthen and further develop the participation and democratization processes through the promotion of women and diversity, and examine where the problems and obstacles as well as hidden potentials lie.