The creation of lively civil societies in European and Asian countries has developed into a driving force to change relations between the state and its citizens. Non-Profit Organizations (NPO) of citizens have stepped forward as important players in communication between nations beside politics and the economy. Examples here include organizations that deal with the reconciliation of past and current conflicts; organizations that are actively involved in development aid; groups that are active in cultural exchange, or global networks that fight against climate change.
Nonetheless, some questions remain unanswered as to how these civil social groups can build enough capital to promote mutual understanding and improve transnational communication in cooperation with or in place of the nation state.
The symposium will deal with the political and economic preconditions for this development of capital and the role of the above mentioned organizations in bilateral or multilateral frameworks. Case studies from Asia and Europe will be presented and their political, economic and cultural preconditions and effects will be discussed.