World order in troubled waters: what can or what should Germany and Japan do to preserve and develop the regulations and institutions of the international order?
The dynamics of globalization and the emergence of China as a world power have shaken and upset the international order over the last decade. Unlike any other major economic powerhouse, Germany and Japan are dependent on a powerful, open and rule-based international economic systems and more generally on an effective and legitimate world order with binding norms and rules, and robust institutions.
But what responsibilities arise from this finding, what opportunities do Germany - as the central power in Europe - and Japan have to preserve and develop the international order? Are their governments - individually and collectively - doing enough to meet this responsibility? Which instruments and options do they have? Which strategies are suitable?
These questions are addressed in two books currently published by Brookings in Washington, “Reluctant Warriors: Germany, Japan, and their Alliance Dilemma with the United States” written by Alexandra SAKAKI, Hanns W. MAULL, Kerstin LUKNER, Ellis S. KRAUSS and Thomas BERGER, and “The Crisis of Liberal Internationalism, Japan and the World Order,” edited by FUNABASHI Yōichi and G. John IKENBERRY. They shall be the focus of a one-day symposium in Tōkyō consisting of several panel discussions based on short submitted papers.