In the eyes of many historians, the code “1968” stands for the first global rebellion of the 20th century. In the 1960’s and early 1970’s youth movements that followed similar goals were established in many countries. It is worth noting that those nations who harbored expansionist policies that led to the Second World War developed particularly strong movements. In Germany, Italy and Japan violent confrontations resulted between activists and governing powers for many years to follow, which then continued as an extreme left-wing terrorist movement. At the same time, during the course of their economic recovery, the societies of Japan and West Germany experienced dramatic social and cultural change in the 1960’s leading to a gradual transition from industrialized to consumer societies. Concurrent to this period, the official cultural-diplomatic re-education policies of the USA were replaced by a massive dissemination of a commercialized US-Western influence evident in popular and youth cultures that paved the way for manifold points of reference for a generation in protest.
Despite all of these commonalities, the “68” movements in Japan and Germany developed quite differently and, from a long-term perspective, they had other consequences for the political and daily life of both societies. Thus, the Greens in Germany are a permanent reminder of this movement. In Japan, however, there is no comparable party to the Greens. This symposium will examine the reasons for the commonalities and differences of the 1968 movement in both industrialized countries, as well as the reasons for commonalities and differences in their relations to the USA and their cultural-historical consequences.
Language of the conference will be mostly German, partly English.
For program and registration form please refer to the German pages.
Website of the Conference