Economic performance and prosperity are largely based on knowledge and expertise. New impulses for growth and innovation require economic scientific breakthroughs and the transformation of these into economic capabilities. The organization of knowledge transfer through technology roadmaps is a fundamental prerequisite for a successful conversion into economic capabilities; it shows the expected path of the development of technologies in the future. Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) is using Roadmaps to present in a pragmatic way how we can transform the research and development results from twenty high-tech fields into actual products, and how these products could possibly be then placed on the market. The German Federal Government is also attempting to “form a uniform and integrated policy of innovation from one whole.” The symposium shall compare these strategies and identify possible fields and paths of cooperation. The symposium will take place within the context of the Hanover Fair.